Crops in India

Crops : Points to remember

Point to remember Crop
The crop which requires water-logging for its cultivationRice
The crop best suited in areas where rain falls only for two monthsPulses
The ideal crop for areas with rainfall above 200 cm and sloping hillsTea
The crop which requires a large amount of rainfall and no standing waterTea
The plants which are best for biological nitrogen fixation of the soilLegumes
The crops grown for sale in the market (as against consumption by the farmer) are known asCash crops

Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Crops

Crop Period Major Crops
KharifJune to OctoberRice, millets
RabiNovember to MarchWheat, barley, mustard
ZaidMarch to JuneWater melon, cucumber, musk melon, sugarcane
Kharif means autumn in Arabic and kharif crops are harvested in winter, Rabi means spring in Arabic and rabi crops are harvest in spring (March)

Crops in India

The crop which is sown in largest area in IndiaRice (43.9 million hectares as per 2013-14 estimates)
The crop whose production is the largest in IndiaSugarcane (348.4 million tonnes as per 2013-14 estimates)
The cereal crop whose production is the largest in IndiaRice (106.3 million tonnes as per 2013-14 estimates)
The agricultural produce which has the highest percentage share of importsEdible Oil (about 68% of imports of food and allied products)
The agricultural produce which has the highest percentage share of exportsRice