Important Freedom Fighters of India

Lala Lajpat Rai

Brief biography
  1. Popularly known as Punjab Kesari or Lion of Punjab, he was a lawyer and a freedom fighter.
  2. At the Bombay session of INC in 1889, he was linked with other two leading freedom fighters Bipin Chandra Pal and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. The trio was popularly known as Lal-Bal-Pal.
  3. He was one of the pioneers of the Swadeshi Movement alongwith Bipin Chandra Pal and Lokmanya Tilak.
  4. He went to USA for promoting the cause of India’s freedom struggle, where he founded the India Home League Society of America, which published a monthly journal titled Young India.
  5. In 1920 he formed the Congress Independence Party in protest against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre and Non Cooperation Movement.
  6. His efforts saw the formation of Punjab National Bank in 1895.
  7. He was the first President of the All India Trade Union Congress formed in 1920.
  8. He founded the Servants of People Society which worked for the freedom movement as well as for social reform movement in the country.
  9. His famous words Every blow aimed at me is a nail in the coffin of British imperialism were spoken when he received lathis blows during the protest against the visit of Simon Commission.
  10. Lala Lajpat Rai died in 1928 as a result of lathi blows.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Brief biography
  1. He was a renowned scholar well versed in Arabic, English, Urdu, Hindi, Persian and Bengali.
  2. He adopted the pen name 'Azad' as a mark of his mental emancipation from a narrow view of religion and life.
  3. Started a weekly journal Al Hilal to increase the revolutionary recruits amongst the Muslims.
  4. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in 1992.
  5. He was elected as Congress President in 1923, becoming the youngest person to hold the office. He was again elected the president in 1940.
  6. He became independent India's first education minister.
  7. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on November 11, 1888 in Mecca.
  8. Azad met two leading revolutionaries of Bengal, Aurobindo Ghosh and Sri Shyam Shundar Chakravarty, and joined the revolutionary movement against British rule.
  9. He helped setup secret revolutionary centers all over north India and Bombay.
  10. He was one of the main organisers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, which was a non-violent raid on Dharasana Salt Works.
  11. He was a member of the Foundation Committee of the Jamia Milia Islamia which met in 1920.
  12. He is the author of the book India Wins Freedom.

Motilal Nehru

Brief biography
  1. Father of Jawaharlal Nehru, he was one of the best lawyers of the country.
  2. He was elected to the Presidentship of Congress President twice.
  3. He formed the Swaraj Party alongwith Chittaranjan Das.
  4. In 1923, Nehru was elected to the new Central Legislative Assembly of British India in New Delhi and became leader of the Opposition.
  5. He was chairman of the All Parties Conference which put up the Nehru Report, a draft constitution which recommended full dominion status for India.
  6. He launched the daily paper Independent in 1919.

Madan Mohan Malaviya

Brief biography
  1. Often addressed as Mahamana, he was an educationist, lawyer and freedom fighter.
  2. He founded the Banaras Hindu University in 1916.
  3. He represented India at the First Round Table Conference.
  4. He founded the newspaper The Leader published from Allahabad.
  5. He also edited the weekly Hindustan and the daily The Indian Union at different times.
  6. He was elected the President of Indian National Congress on four ocassions - 1909, 1918, 1932 and 1933.
  7. He was posthumously conferred India's highest civilian honour, Bharat Ratna in 2014.


 

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Freedom Fighters

Combined Quiz on 2 pages

ClueOptionPerson
1. Banaras Hindu University a. Gopal Krishna Gokhale
2. Servants of People Societyb. C Rajagopalachari
3. National Incomec. Lokmanya Tilak
4. Political Guru of Gandhijid. Lala Lajpat Rai
5. Governor Generale. Madan Mohan Malviya
6. The Arctic Home in the Vedasf. Dadabhai Naoroji
7. India Wins Freedomg. Motilal Nehru
8. Independenth. Abul Kalam Azad