Common and Scientific Names of Chemicals

Sodium Compounds

Common NameChemical NameFormula
Washing sodaSodium carbonateNa2CO3
Baking sodaSodium bicarbonateNaHCO3
BoraxSodium tetraborate decahydrateNa2B4O7·10H2O
BrineAqueous sodium chloride solutionNaCl
Caustic sodaSodium hydroxideNaOH
HypoSodium thiosulfateNa2S2O3

Calcium Compounds

Common NameChemical NameFormula
Bleaching powderCalcium hypochloriteCa(ClO)2
Quick LimeCalcium oxideCaO
MarbleCalcium carbonateCaCO3
Plaster of parisCalcium sulfateCaSO4
ChalkCalcium carbonateCaCO3
Gypsumnatural Calcium sulfateCaSO4·2H2O

Other Compounds

Common NameChemical NameFormula
AlumAluminium potassium sulfateKAl(SO4)2.12H2O
Aqua regiaNitrohydrochloric acidHNO3 + 3 HCl
AspirinAcetylsalicylic acidC9H8O4
Corundum (ruby, sapphire)Aluminium oxideAl2O3
Dry iceSolid CarbondioxideCO2
Epsom saltsMagnesium sulfateMgSO4·7H2O
Heavy WaterDeutrium oxide2H2O or D2O
PlumbagoGraphiteC
Prussic acidHydrogen cyanideHCN
Jeweller's rougeFerric oxideFe2O3
SaltpeterPotassium nitrateKNO3
Table sugarSucroseC12H22O11
Talc or talcumMagnesium silicateMg3Si4O10(OH)2
VinegarAcetic acidCH3CO2H


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Common Names of Chemicals

Common NameOptionChemical Name
1. Caustic soda a. Acetic acid
2. Marbleb. Nitro hydrochloric acid
3. Aquaregiac. Sodium hydroxide
4. Heavy waterd. Potassium nitrate
5. Saltpetere. Magnesium silicate
6. Talcf. Deutrium oxide
7. Vinegarg. Calcium carbonate