Important Treaties in the History of India

Name of the Treaty Year Importance
Treaty of Asurar Ali 1639 The treaty established the boundary between the Mughal empire and the Ahom kingdom ending the Mughal's efforts to conquer Ahom.
Treaty of Purandar 1665 Signed between Rajput ruler and commander of Mughal Empire Jai Singh I, and Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji was forced to sign the agreement after Jai Singh besieged Purandar fort.
Treaty of Alinagar 1757 Signed between Siraj-ud-dwala and Robert Clive allowing the British to fortify Calcutta and also allow British goods to pass through Bengal without duties.
Treaty of Allahabad 1765 Signed between Robert Clive and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II allowing the British Diwani Rights or the right to collect taxes on behalf of the Emperor from the eastern province of Bengal-Bihar-Orissa.
Treaty of Madras 1769 The Treaty of Madras was signed between the British and Hyder Ali of Mysore to bring to and end the first Mysore War. Under the treaty, both the parties agreed to return the areas won the each and to support each other in case of a thrid party invasion.
Treaty of Purandar 1776 Signed between the British and the Marathas bringing the first phase of the First Anglo-Maratha War to an end.
Treaty of Wadgaon 1779 Signed between the British and the Marathas bringing the second phase of the First Anglo-Maratha War to an end.
Treaty of Salbai 1782 Signed between the British and the Marathas bringing the First Anglo-Maratha War to an end.
Treaty of Seringapatam 1792 Signed between the British (Lord Cornwallis), the Marathas, Hyderabad and Tipu Sultan. This ended the Third Anglo-Mysore War allowing the Marathas, the Nizam of Hyderabad and the British to annex almost half of Tipu Sultan's territories.
Treaty of Lahore 1846 Signed between Governor General Air Henry Hardinge for the British and members of Lahore darbar representing the young Maharaja Duleep Singh Bahadur. The treaty marked the end of the First Anglo-Sikh War.
Treaty of Amritsar 1846 The Treaty of Amritsar followed the Treaty of Lahore. By this treaty the British East India Company sold Kashmir to Maharaja Gulab Singh, whose dynasty ruled till 1947, when Maharaja Hari Singh acceded Kashmir to India.


 

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Test Yourself

1. Treaty of Madras brought the First Mysore War to an end
2. By the Treaty of Lahore, the British sold Kashmir to Maharaj Gulab Singh
3. Treaties of Purandar, Wadgaon and Salbai are related with the First Anglo-Maratha War
4. With the Treaty of Seringapatnam, the British annexed the territories of Hyderabad
5. The Treaty of Lahore marked the end of First Anglo-Sikh war
6. Treaty of Allahabad was signed between Robert Clive and Shah Alam II