Important Islands of India

Name of the IslandsLocationBrief Facts
Sriharikota IslandPulicat lake (Andhra Pradesh)It houses India's satellite launch centre, Satish Dhawan Space Centre
Abdul Kalam IslandBay of Bengal, off the coast of OdishaFormerly known as Wheeler Island, missile test facility for the most of Indian missiles including long range ones is available here.
Sivasamudram IslandKaveri riverIt is an island town dividing the Kaveri River into twin waterfalls, the Gaganachukki and the Barachukki.
Cattle IslandMahanadi river, OdishaIt is an island in the Hirakud reservoir completely inhabited by wild cattle which were once left behind by villagers when the village was vacated for construction of the dam.
Sagar IslandBay of Bengal, West BengalThe island is home to the endangered Royal Bengal Tiger. This island is a famous Hindu pilgrim place where every year on the day of Makar Sankranti (mid of January), thousands of Hindus gather to take a holy dip in the Ganga and offer puja in the Kapil Muni Temple.
Havelock IslandAndamansHavelock Island is the largest of the islands which comprise Ritchie's Archipelago, a chain of islands to the east of Great Andaman in the Andaman Islands. In Jan 2011, Jal Hans, India's 1st Seaplane Service was launched Pawan Hans and the Administration of Andaman and Nicobar islands connecting Port Blair and Havelock island.
Barren IslandAndaman islandsBarren Island is located in the Andaman Sea. It is the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia. Along with the rest of the Andamans, it is a part of the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The first recorded eruption was in 1787 and the latest being in May 2008.
KachchatheevuPalk StraitKachchatheevu is an uninhabited island originally belonging to India, but given to Sri Lanka in 1974 on a conditional basis. It has a Catholic shrine and has been declared as a sacred area by the government of Sri Lanka. Recently the island was in news when the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu filed a petition in the Supreme Court against India's ceding of the island to Sri Lanka.
Majuli IslandBrahmaputra riverThe island was formed due to course changes by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the Lohit. A hotspot for flora and fauna, the island is under threat of erosion. The Government has sanctioned funds to save the island and also has nominated the island for inclusion in the natural sites list of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites list.
Salsette IslandArabian SeaMumbai metropolis is located on the island, which is bounded by the Vasai Creek, Ulhas river and Thane Creek.