Current Affairs of September 2020

The well-known film director who has been appointed the President of Film and Television Institute of India, PuneShekhar Kapoor
The well-known film actor who has been conferred with the prestigious SDG Special Humanatarian Action Award by United Nations Development ProgrammeSonu Sood
The languages which have been added to the list of official languages (namely Urdu and English) of Jammu and Kashmir by the Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Bill, 2020Kashmiri, Dogri and Hindi
The former Army officer, Defence Minister, Finance Minister, External Affairs Minister and Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission who passed away on 27 Sep 2020 Shri Jaswant Singh
The Indian state which has been awarded the UN Interagency Task Force (UNIATF) Award 2020 for its outstanding contribution towards the non-communicable diseases-related sustainable development goalsKerala
The 4th edition of biennial India-Japan Maritime bilateral exercise conducted in north Arabian Sea from 26 to 28 September 2020JIMEX
The Union Minister of State for Railways who passed away on 23 Sep 2020 due to COVID-19Shri Suresh Angadi
The winners of Italian Open 2020 Men's Singles and Women's Singles titles respectivelyNovak Djokovic and Simona Halep
The MSP (Minimum Support Price) for wheat for 2020-21 marketing season as announced by the Central Govt Rs. 1975
The Union Agriculture Minister who has been given the additional charge of Ministry of Food Processing Industries following the resignation of Smt Harsimrat Kaur BadalNarendar Singh Tomar
The place in Bihar where setting up All India Institute of Medical Sciences has been approved by Union CabinetDarbhanga
The Bollywood actor who has been signed by Amazon Inc for its Alexa voice assistant Amitabh Bachchan
The new Prime Minister of Japan who has taken over following the resignation of Mr Shinzo Abe, who resigned due to his deteriorating healthMr. Yoshihide Suga
The former Union Minister of Rural Development and architect of National Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) who passed away on 13.09.2020Raghuvansh Prasad Singh
The well known social activist, recipient of Right Livelihood Award (2004) and Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award, who passed away on 11 Sep 2020 Swami Agnivesh (Vepa Shyam Rao)
The well-known film personality who has been appointed the Chairman of National School of Drama, Delhi for 4 yearsParesh Rawal
The renowned scientist and radio astronomer, recipient of Padma Shri and Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar awards, who passed away on 07 Sep 2020 Govind Swarup
The Indian Air Force base at which Rafale aircraft were formally inducted into the IAF in presence of Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh and Ms Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces of France Ambala
The title and number of 24x7 toll free mental rehabilitation helpline launched by Ministry of Social Justice and EmpowermentKIRAN, 1800-599-0019
The chief pontiff of Edneer Mutt in Kasaragod district, Kerala and the petitioner in the landmark case on constitutional amendment who passed away on 06 Sep 2020Kesavananda Bharati
India's first female cardiologist, recipient of Padma Bhushan (1967) and Padma Vibhushan (1992), who passed away on 29 August 2020 S.I. Padmavati
The 11th edition of biennial bilateral maritime exercise between Indian Navy and Russian Navy scheduled to be held in the Bay of Bengal from 04 to 05 September 2020Indra Navy - 20

AIFF Awards 2019-20

AIFF Men's Footballer of the Year: Gurpreet Singh Sandhu

AIFF Women's Footballer of the Year: Sanju

AIFF Men’s Emerging Footballer of the Year: Anirudh Thapa

AIFF Emerging Women’s Footballer of the Year: Ms. Ratanbala Devi


Kapila Vatsyayan

Born: 25 Dec 1928; Passed away: 16 Sep 2020

Leading scholar of Indian classical dance, art, architecture, and art history. Rajya Sabha MP.

Founder of Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts.

Awards: Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship (1970), Lalit Kala Akademi Fellowship (1995), Padma Vibhushan (2011)

Books written: The Square and the Circle of Indian Arts (1997), Bharata: The Natya Sastra (1996), Matralaksanam (1988)


Hypersonic Technology Demonstration Vehicle (HSTDV)

Tested by: DRDO

Tested on: 07 Sep 2020 at 1103 hours

Tested at: Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Launch Complex at Wheeler Island, off the coast of Odisha.

The hypersonic cruise vehicle was launched using a proven solid rocket motor, which took it to an altitude of 30 kilometres (km). The hypersonic combustion sustained and the cruise vehicle continued on its desired flight path at a velocity of six times the speed of sound i.e., nearly 02 km/second for more than 20 seconds. On this successful demonstration, the country enters into the hypersonic regime paving way for advanced hypersonic Vehicles.



TIME magazine's 100 most influential people - 2020

Indians in the list

PM Shri Narendra Modi in Leaders category

Ayushmann Khurrana in Artists category

Bilkis (of Shaheen Bagh fame) in Icons category

Prof Ravindra Gupta in Pioneers category

Sundar Pichai in Titans category


EASE 2.0 Index for PSBs

Top 3 banks

RankCountry
1.Bank of Baroda
2.State Bank of India
3.Oriental Bank of Commerce

Top 3 banks in Responsible Banking

RankCountry
1.Bank of Baroda
2.State Bank of India
3.Punjab National Bank

Top 3 banks in Customer Responsiveness

RankCountry
1.State Bank of India
2.Oriental Bank of Commerce
3.Bank of Baroda


The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill 2020

Position prior to amendment: Under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955, the Central Govt could regulate or prohibit the production, supply and distribution of any essential commodity for securing its equitable distribution and availability at fair prices.

After the amendment: The Central Government may regulate the supply of such foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, potato, onions, edible oilseeds and oils, only under extraordinary circumstances which may include war, famine, extraordinary price rise and natural calamity of grave nature.

Further, any action on imposing stock limit shall be based on price rise and an order for regulating stock limit of any agricultural produce may be issued under this Act only if there is —

  1. hundred per cent increase in the retail price of horticultural produce; or
  2. fifty per cent increase in the retail price of non-perishable agricultural foodstuffs,

over the price prevailing immediately preceding twelve months, or average retail price of last five years, whichever is lower.


3 Important Labour Bills passed by Parliament

Social Security Code, 2020: It amalgamates 9 laws viz – 1. The Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923; 2. The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948; 3. The Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952; 4. The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959; 5. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961; 6. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972; 7. The Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981; 8. The Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996 and 9. The Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008

Occupational Safety, Health & Working Conditions Code, 2020: It amalgamates 13 laws viz - 1. The Factories Act, 1948; 2. The Plantations Labour Act, 1951; 3. The Mines Act, 1952; 4. The Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955; 5. The Working Journalists (Fixation of Rates of Wages) Act, 1958; 6. The Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961, 7. The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 8. The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970; 9. The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976; 10. The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979; 11. The Cine-Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981; 12. The Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986 and 13. The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996

Industrial Relations Code, 2020: It amalgamates 3 laws viz - 1. The Trade Unions Act, 1926; 2. The Industrial Employment (Standing orders) Act, 1946 and 3. The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947


Important Days of September 2020

International Day of Charity: 05 September 2020

Designated by: United Nations General Assembly

First observed: 2013

International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies: 07 August 2020

Designated by: United Nations General Assembly

First observed: 2020

International Literacy Day: 08 September 2020

Designated by: UNESCO

First observed: 1966

Theme: Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond.

World Suicide Prevention Day: 10 September 2020

Designated by: International Association for Suicide Prevention

First observed: 2003

International Day of Democracy: 15 September 2020

Designated by: UN General Assembly

First observed: 2008

Theme: COVID-19: A Spotlight on Democracy

International Day for Preservation of Ozone Layer: 16 September 2020

Designated by: UN General Assembly

First observed: 1995

Theme: Ozone for life: 35 years of ozone layer protection

World Patient Safety Day: 17 September 2020

Designated by: WHO

First observed: 2019

Theme: Health Worker Safety: A Priority for Patient Safety

Slogan: Safe health workers, Safe patients

International Day of Peace: 21 September 2020

Designated by: UN General Assembly

First observed: 1982

Theme: Shaping Peace Together

International Day of Sign Languages: 23 September 2020

Designated by: UN General Assembly

First observed: 2020

Theme: Sign Languages are for everyone

World Maritime Day: 24 September 2020

Designated by: International Maritime Organisation

First observed: 1978

Theme: Sustainable Shipping for Sustainable Planet

International Day for total elimination of Nuclear Weapons: 26 September 2020

Designated by: UN General Assembly

First observed: 2014

World Tourism Day: 27 September 2020

Designated by: UNWTO General Assembly

First observed: 1980

Theme: Tourism and Rural Development

World Rabies Day: 28 September 2020

Designated by: Global Alliance for Rabies Control

First observed: 1980

Theme: End Rabies: Collaborate, Vaccinate

International Day for Universal Access to Information: 28 September 2020

Designated by: UNESCO

First observed: 2016

Theme: Access to Information – Saving lives, Building Trust, Bringing Hope!

International Translation Day: 30 September 2020

Designated by: Federation of International Translators and UN General Assembly

First observed: 1953 (By FIT) and 2020 (by UN)

Theme: Finding the words for a world in crises

INS VIRAAT

Commissioned in Indian Navy: 1987; Decommissioned: 06 Mar 2017

It was a Centaur class aircraft carrier inducted after purchase from U.K. where it was renamed HMS Hermes.

It was the oldest aircraft carrier in the world in 2016 when it sailed for the last time under its own power. It has been finally towed to Alang shipbreaking yard to be broken down to scrap.


Shri SP Balasubrahmanyam

Born; 04.06.1946; Passed away: 25.09.2020

Indian musician, playback singer, music director, actor, dubbing artist, and film producer who worked predominantly in Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Hindi, and Malayalam films

Tested positive for COVID-19 in August 2020

Awards: Padma Shri (2001), Padma Bhushan (2011)
National Film Award for Best Singer in 1979 (Telugu), 1981 (Hindi), 1983 (Telugu), 1988 (Telugu), 1995 (Kannada) and 1996 (Tamil)
Filmfare Awards in 1989 and Filmfare Awards South in 2006, 2007 and 2020
He has also won several Nandi Awards by Govt of Andhra Pradesh as singer, music director, dubbing artist and supporting actor.
He has won Tamil Nadu State Film Awards and Karnataka Awards as singer.



US Open 2020

TitleWinnerRunner-up
Men's SinglesDominic Thiem (Austria)Alexander Zverev (Germany)
Women's SinglesNaomi Osaka (Japan)Victoria Azarenka (Belarus)
Men's DoublesMate Pavic (Croatia) and Bruno Soares (Brazil)Wesley Koolhof (Netherlands) and Nicola Mektic (Croatia)
Women's DoublesLaura Siegemund (Germany) and Vera Zvonareva (Russia)Nicole Melichar (USA) and Xu Yifan (China)


Global Economic Freedom Index 2020

Released by: Fraser Institute, Canada

RankCountryRankCountry
1.Hongkong98.Bhutan
2.Singapore105.India
3.New Zealand124.China
4.Switzerland129.Pakistan
5.Australia133.Bangladesh

Note: India's rank in 2019 was 79


Business Reform Action Plan (BRAP) ranking of states

Announced by: Smt Nirmala Sitharaman, Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs

Ranking of States based on the implementation of Business Reform Action Plan started in the year 2015. Till date, State Rankings have been released for the years 2015, 2016 and 2017-18.The Business Reform Action Plan 2018-19 includes 180 reform points covering 12 business regulatory areas such as Access to Information, Single Window System, Labour, Environment, etc.

The top five states under State Reform Action Plan 2019 are:

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Uttar Pradesh
  3. Telangana
  4. Madhya Pradesh
  5. Jharkhand

Global Innovation Index 2020

Released by: World Intellectual Property Organisation

RankCountryRankCountry
1.Switzerland14.China
2.Sweden48.India
3.U.S.A.95.Nepal
4.U.K.101.Sri Lanka
5.Netherlands107.Pakistan

Note: India's rank in 2019 was 52



Abbreviations in News

SAROD-Ports: Society for Affordable Redressal of Disputes - Ports

BEAMS: Beach Environment & Aesthetics Management Services

Books in News

Azadi: Freedom. Fascism. Fiction by Arundhati Roy

Voices of Dissent by Romila Thapar




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