Facts about Moon

The diameter of the moon is about 3,475 km which is less than one-thrid of earth's diameter.
The temperature on the moon varies from – 100° C (on the dark side) to + 130° C (with the sun shining)
The moon takes 27.33 days to orbit the earth. Its rotation period is also the same approximately.
Since the period of rotation of the moon around its axis and the time taken by it to revolved round the earth is the same approximately we see the same side of the moon from the earth.
Only about 59% percentage of the moon is visible from the earth.
The gravity on the moon is about one-sixth (1/6) of that of the earth. Thus a person weighing 60 kg on earth would weigh about 10 kg on the moon.
The moon has no atmosphere, and hence no sound can be heard on the Moon, and the sky always appears black.
The moon is at an average distance of 384,000 km from the earth. (The speed of light is 300,000 km per second)
While United States of America is the only country to have sent a manned mission to moon, unmanned missions to the moon have been sent by USA, USSR, China and India. (as of April 2016)

Features on Lunar Surface

Mare Tranquillitatis or
Sea of Tranquility
Landing site for Apollo 11, the first manned landing on the moon.
Oceanus Procellarum or
Ocean of Storms
Apollo 12 landed with Pete Conrad and Alan Bean onboard.
Mare Fecunditatis or
Sea of Fertility
Landing site for Luna 16 of USSR.
Fra Mauro - craterApollo 14 landed with Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa.
Hadley Rile - Apennine MountainsLanding site for Apollo 15.
Apollonius Highlands - Mountainous regionLanding site for Luna 20
Descartes - craterLanding site for Apollo 16.
Taurus-Littrow - valleyApollo 17 landing site.
Note : 1. Mare or Maria refers to a large circular plain on the moon.
2. Oceanus refers to a very large dark area on moon.
3. Crater is a circular depression.