Delhi Sultanate

Important Rulers and Points to Remember

RulerPoints to remember
Balban
  • His original name was Baharuddin.
  • He is considered the greatest Sultan of slave dynasty.
  • He was a slave bought by Sultan Iltutmish.
  • He introduced the Persian culture of Zaminbos that is lying flat on one's face before the emperor.
  • He adopted a policy of blood and iron against rebels, traitors and robbers.
  • He got the title of Ulagh Khan for defeating the Mongols.
  • He suppressed the rebellious tribe Meo, the people of Mewat who used to plunder the people of Delhi even in the day light.
  • Balban ruled with an iron fist. He broke up the Chahalgani, a group of the forty most important nobles in the court.
Ala-ud-din Khilji
  • He was the second ruler of the Khilji dynasty in India and is considered the most powerful ruler of the dynasty.
  • He became the Sultan after murdering his uncle Jalaluddin Khilji.
  • He established an effective espionage system to curb any revolt from his followers.
  • He was the first Sultan to maintain a standing army.
  • He was the first Sultan to conquer the Deccan.
  • He created the third city of Delhi known as Siri.
  • He is known for his economic reforms and price control system.
  • Alauddin Khilji seized the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond from the ruler of Malwa.
Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq
  • His original name was Ghazi Malik.
  • He founded the city of Tughluqabad.
  • He died when a pavilion built for him collapsed.
Muhammad bin Tughluq
  • His original name was Jauna Khan.
  • He was a scholar versed in logic, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and physical sciences. He had knowledge of medicine and was skillful in dialectics. He was also a calligrapher. He was well versed with several languages like Persian, Arabic, Turkish and even Sanskrit.
  • He introduced token currency using brass or copper coins backed by silver or gold in treasury. However, the measure lead to heavy losses to the treasury.
  • He shifted his capital from Delhi to Devagiri, which he renamed as Daulatabad, but as the plan failed he shifted back to Delhi.
  • Ibn Batuta, the famous Moroccan traveler, visited him during his reign.
Firoz Shah Tughlaq
  • He was the son of a Hindu princess of Dipalpur.
  • He is best known for the construction of a network of canals.
  • He founded several cities, including Jaunpur, Firozpur, Firoz Shah Kotla and Hissar-Firoza.
  • He rebuilt the top two floors of the Qutub Minar which were damaged by lightning in 1368 AD.
  • One of his hunting lodges, Shikargah, also known as Kushak Mahal, is situated within the Teen Murti Bhavan complex, Delhi.
  • Tughlaq Road in Delhi is named after him.
Sikandar Lodhi
  • He founded the modern city of Agra.
Ibrahim Lodhi
  • The last of Delhi Sultans, he was defeated and killed in the 1st Battle of Panipat against Babur in 1526.


www.leadthecompetition.in

Test Yourself

1. Balban was the first Sultan to maintain a standing army
2. Ibrahim Lodhi was defeated by Babur in the 1st Battle of Panipat
3. The Persian culture of Zaminbos was introduced by Allauddin Khilji
4. The city of Tughluqabad was built by Mohammad Bin Tughlaq
5. Firoz Shah Tughlaq is best known for the construction of a network of canals
6. Balban introduced the policy of blood and iron against rebels, traitors and robbers