Important Revolutionaries of India

Bhagat Singh

Important Points to Remember
  1. He helped organise Punjab Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926 and became its founding secretary.
  2. He was the involved in the murder of Mr. Saunders in order to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
  3. He re-organised Hindustan Republic Association under the leadership of Chandershekhar Azad and renamed it Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
  4. He was the author of the famous pamphlet Why I am Atheist.
  5. He once declared before the Lahore High Court "The sword of revolution is sharpened on the whetting stone of ideas."
  6. He alongwith Batukeshwar Dutt threw two bombs in the Legislative Assembly chamber in Delhi against the passage of Public Safety Bill and Trade Disputes Bill.
  7. He was hanged alongwith Rajguru and Sukhdev on Mar 23, 1931 in Lahore Jail.


Chandershekhar Azad

Important Points to Remember
  1. Born Chandershekhar Tiwari, he adopted the surname Azad which means free.
  2. He had vowed never to be caught alive by the British.
  3. He was the chief re-organiser of the Hindustan Republican Socialist Association after the death of its founder Ram Prasad Bismil.
  4. He was involved in the Kakori Train Dacoity but managed to evade arrest.
  5. He shot himself dead at the end of an encounter in Alfred Park, Allahabad on 27 Feb 1931.


Ram Prasad Bismil

Important Points to Remember
  1. Author of the famous poem Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna.
  2. He masterminded the Kakori Train Dacoity alongwith Ashfaqullah Khan.
  3. He was a co-founder of Hindustan Republican Association alongwith Sachindranath Sanyal.
  4. He was hanged by the British on 19 Dec 1927 in Gorakhpur Jail.


Sachindranath Sanyal

Important Points to Remember
  1. He was the founder of Hindustan Republican Association alongwith Ram Prasad Bismil.
  2. Author of the famous book Bandi Jeevan.
  3. He was sentenced to life in the Kakori Train Dacoity and sent to Cellular Jail in the Andamans.
  4. He was also involved in the Ghadar Conspiracy case.


Ashfaqulla Khan

Important Points to Remember
  1. One of the members of the Hindustan Republican Association.
  2. He was actively involved in the Kakori Train Dacoity, alongwith Ramprasad Bismil.
  3. He was sentenced to death and hanged by the British on 19 Dec 1927 at Faizabad Jail.
  4. At his gallows he said My hands are not soiled with the murder of man, God will give me justice.


Khudiram Bose, Surya Sen, Lala Hardayal, Madame Bhikaji Cama, Madan Lal Dhingra, Udham Singh, Rash Bihari Bose, Jatin Das

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Khudiram Bose

Important Points to Remember
  1. He was one of the youngest of the revolutionaries of the Indian Independence Movement who died at the age of 18 years.
  2. He was drawn into the nationalist movement during the protest against the partition of Bengal by the British.
  3. He joined Jugantar a party of revolutionary activists.
  4. He and Praful Chaki were selected by the party to assassinate the Chief Presidency Magistrate Kingsford who was known to make brutal and blatant judgments against freedom fighters.
  5. However, they were not successful and killed the family of barrister Kennedy instead.
  6. Khudiram was arrested on the charges of bomb attack and was sentenced to death on August 11, 1908.

Surya Sen

Important Points to Remember
  1. He was well-known for the Chittagong Armoury Raid in 1930.
  2. He hoisted the Indian National Flag at the Chittagong armoury and proclaimed a Provisional Revolutionary Government.
  3. He was arrested and hanged by the British in 02 Jan 1934.

Lala Hardayal

Important Points to Remember
  1. Most well-known for forming the Ghadar Party in America in 1913.
  2. The Ghadar Party is well-known for the Ghadar Conspiracy under which Indian soldiers were to be instigated to start rebellion against the British during World War I. The plan was however foiled by the British.
  3. He had spurned a career in ICS to joing the freedom movement.
  4. He was associated with Madame Bhikaji Cama and Veer Savarkar.

Madame Bhikaji Cama

Important Points to Remember
  1. Well known for unfurling the first Indian National Flag in the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart (Germany) in 1907.
  2. After Stuttgart, Madame Cama went to the United States and was known as "Mother India's first cultural representative to the United States".
  3. She published revolutionary magazines Vande Mataram and Madan's Talwar which were banned by the British.
  4. She urged people to "March forward! We are for India. India is for Indians!"
  5. She also co-founded the Paris Indian Society in Paris in 1905.
  6. She also served as a private secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji.

Madan Lal Dhingra

Important Points to Remember
  1. Well-known for the assassination of Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie in London on 01 Jul 1909.
  2. He was a keen follower of Vinayak Savarkar.
  3. He was tried and hanged in London on 17 August 1909.

Udham Singh

Important Points to Remember
  1. Well-known for the assassination of Michael O'Dwyer in March 1940 to avenge the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.
  2. Udham Singh changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad, symbolising the unity of three religions in India.
  3. Udham Singh was an active member of the Ghadar Party in America.
  4. He was hanged in Pentonville Prison, London on 31 July 1940.

Rash Behari Bose

Important Points to Remember
  1. Well-known for the assassination bid on the life of Lord Hardinge in Delhi in 1912.
  2. He formed the Indian National Army with the help of Captain Mohan Singh and Sardar Pritam Singh on September 1, 1942.
  3. Rash Behari was an active member of the Ghadar Conspiracy in America.

Jatin Das

Important Points to Remember
  1. Jatindranath Das is well-known for his fast unto death which lasted for 63 days.
  2. His fast was a protest against deplorable condition of the prisoners and under-trials. He died on 13 Sep 1929.
  3. He was a member of Anushilan Samiti, a revolutionary outfit in Bengal.
  4. He had agreed to make bombs for Bhagat Singh and was arrested for revolutionary activities in 1929.



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Freedom Fighters

ClueOptionPerson
1. Alfred Park a. Sachindranath Sanyal
2. Bandi Jeevanb. Jatin Das
3. Ghadar Partyc. Surya Sen
4. Fasted to deathd. Chandershekhar Azad
5. Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie e. Ram Prasad Bismil
6. Chittagong Armoury raidf. Madame Bhikaji Cama
7. Sarfarosi ki tamannag. Madan Lal Dhingra
8. Stuttgarth. Lala Hardayal