|Facts to remember|
|The constituent assembly was formed on the recommendation of the Cabinet Mission which visited India in 1946.|
|The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New Delhi on 9 December, 1946 in the Constitution Hall which is now known as the Central Hall of Parliament House.|
|Mr. Sachchidanand Sinha was elected provisional chairman of the assembly.|
|Dr Rajendra Prasad later became the permanent chairman of the constituent assembly.|
|On 13 December, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moved the Objectives Resolution which resolved to proclaim India as an Independent Sovereign Republic and to draw up for her future governance a Constitution.|
|The Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days to be precise) to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India.|
|The Constituent Assembly held eleven sessions covering a total of 165 days.|
|India is governed in terms of the Constitution, which was adopted on 26 November, 1949, which was the last day of the Eleventh session of the Constituent Assembly. |
This date finds mention in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution thus IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
|The honourable members appended their signatures to the constitution on 24 January, 1950.|
|The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January, 1950. On that day, the Constituent Assembly ceased to exist, transforming itself into the Provisional Parliament of India until a new Parliament was constituted in 1952|
A constituent assembly is responsible for drafting or amending a country's constitution, defining its fundamental principles and rules. On the other hand, a legislative assembly is a body of representatives elected by the people to create and pass laws and govern the country. While both assemblies play crucial roles in a nation's governance, their primary functions are distinct, with the constituent assembly focused on constitution-making and the legislative assembly on lawmaking and governance.