Indian Railways - Important Facts

Firsts Indian Railways

TrainFrom ToDate
First TrainBombay (Boribandar)Thane 16 April 1853
First Passenger TrainHowrah Hooghly 15 Aug 1854
First Electric TrainBombay (Victoria Terminus) Kurla 3 Feb 1925
First Rajdhani ExpressHowrah New Delhi 1 March 1969
First Shatabdi ExpressNew Delhi Jhansi 1988
First Garib Rath Express Saharsa Amritsar 4 Oct 2006
First Duronto ExpressSealdah New Delhi 19 Sept 2009
First Rajya Rani ExpressMysoreBangalore 01 July 2011
First Humsafar ExpressGorakhpur Anand Vihar 16 Dec 2016
First Antyodaya Express Ernakulam Howrah 27 Feb 2017
First Tejas ExpressMumbai Goa 22 May 2017
The first under ground railway in India started in Kolkata in 1984.
Computerised Passenger Reservation system was introduced in Indian Railways in 1986.

Longest in Indian Railways
The longest platform in the world now is in Gorakhpur (4482 ft) overtaking Kharagpur (2733 ft).
The longest rail journey is between Dibrugarh and Kanniya Kumari (4286 km) performed by Vivek Express, introduced in 2011. Prior to this, Himsagar Express covered the longest distance from Jammu Tawi to Kanniya Kumari (3751 km).
The longest rail journey by Rajdhani Express is between Hazrat Nizamuddin and Thiruvananthapuram covering 3149 km.
Vembanad Railway Bridge connecting Edappally and Vallarpadam with a length of 4.62 km is the longest rly bridge in India.
The longest railway tunnel, the Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel (between Qazigund and Banihal) has a length of 10.96 km. The work on the tunnel was completed in October 2011. Prior to this the longest railway tunnel was the Karbude Tunnel of length 6.5 km in Maharashtra and a part of the Konkan railways.
Miscellaneous Information
Konkan railway passes through Sahyadari mountains in the western ghats. It connects Mumbai and Mangalore.
India with railroad network of 66,687 km (as on 31.03.2016) ranks fourth in the world after the US, Russia and China.
The total electrified route of Indian Railways is 21,614 kms (as on 31.03.2014).
The state with the longest railroad network is Uttar Pradesh with 9077.45 km (as on 31.03.2016)
The state with no railroad network is Sikkim.
The computerised passenger reservation system (PRS) of Indian Railways is the largest passenger reservation network in the world,available at 2,222 locations with more than 8074 terminals.
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Kalka Shimla Railway collectively known as Mountain Railways of India are classified as a world heritage site by UNESCO.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai is also a World Heritage Site.
Bholu, an elephant is the mascot of Indian Railways.
Fairy Queen is the world’s oldest working steam locomotive plying from New Delhi to Alwar.
World's first railway timetables were designed by George Bradshaw.
The Nilgiri Mountain Railway has a rack section of the line, from Kallar to Coonoor (elevation 1,712 m). This is the only place where rack system is used in Indian Railways.
The station which has all the three gauges viz narrow, metre and broad is Siliguri station.
The northernmost, easternmost, southernmost and the westernmost railway stations are Baramulla, Ledo, Kanyakumari and Naliya respectively.