Scientific Names of Common Plants/Trees

Scientific Names - Fruits and Vegetables

VegetablesFruits
Scientific NameCommon NameScientific NameCommon Name
Allium cepa OnionMangifera indicaMango
Solanum tubersum PotatoPyrus malus Apple
Cucumis sativas CucumberCitrullus vulgaris Watermelon
Lactuca sativa LettuceCitrus Limonium Lemon
Daucas carota CarrotCitrus aurantium Orange
Lycopersican esculentum TomatoMusa paradisicum Banana
Solanum melongena BrinjalPsidium guava Guava
Raphanus sativus RadishAnanus sativus Pineapple
Capsicum fruitscence CapsicumCarica papayaPapaya
Brassica oleraceaCabbage/ CauliflowerFragaria ananassaStrawberry
Momordica charantiaBitter GourdCucumis meloMuskmelon
Spinacia oleraceaSpinachManilkara zapotaSapota, Chiku
Colocasia esculentaTaro (Arbi)Punica granatumPomegranate
Cucurbita pepoPumpkinPrunus armeniacaApricot
Beta vulgarisBeet rootPhyllanthus emblicaAmla (Indian Gooseberry)
Brassica rapaTurnipVitis amurensisGrapes

Scientific Names - Cereal, Pulses, Millets

Scientific Name Common Name
Zea mays Maize
Oryza sativa, Oryza glaberrima Rice
Triticum aestivum Wheat
Sorghum vulgare Jowar
Dolichos biffoeus Horse Gram
Cajanus cajan Red Gram
Phaseolus mungo Green Gram

Scientific Names - Nuts & Dry Fruits

Scientific Name Common Name
Arachis hypogaea Peanut (Ground nut)
Anacardium occidentale Cashew
Prunus amygdalus Almond
Juglans regia Walnut
Pistacia vera Pistachio
Cocos nucifera Coconut

Common and Scientific Names - Spices

Scientific NameCommon Name
Zingiber officinaleGinger
Allium sativumGarlic
Piper nigrumBlack Pepper
Syzygium aromaticumClove
Curcuma longaTurmeric
Brassica nigraBlack Mustard
Cuminum cyminumCumin
Sesamum indicumSesame
Foeniculum vulgareFennel

Common and Scientific Names - Other Plants and Trees

Scientific NameCommon Name
Azadirachta indicaNeem
Ficus benghalensisBanyan
Nicotina tobaccumTobacco
Bamboosa aridinarifoliaBamboo
Moringa oleiferaDrumstick
Ocimum sanctumTulsi
Santalum albumSandalwood
Gossypium herbaceumCotton
Epipremnum aureumMoney Plant, Devil's Ivy
Murraya koenigiiCurry plant (leaves)
Mentha arvensisMint (Pudina)
Coriandrum sativumCoriander
Lawsonia inermisHenna (Mehndi)
Tectona grandisTeak
Dalbergia sissooIndian Rosewood
Acacia niloticaBabul

TEST YOURSELF

www.leadthecompetition.in

Select the right answer

1. Allum sativum


2. Tulsi (Basil)


3. Lycopersican esculentum


4. Wheat


5. Curcuma longa


6. Neem


7. Moringa oleifera