Logical Reasoning - Statements and Conclusions

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Statement I : All teachers are aged.

Statement II : Some women are teachers.

Conclusion I : All aged are women.

Conclusion II : Some women are aged.

Answer (c). Since some women are teachers and all teachers are aged, some women (those who are teachers) are aged. solution1

Statement I : All skaters are good swimmers.

Statement II : All good swimmers are runners.

Conclusion I : Some runners are skaters.

Conclusion II : All runners are good swimmers.

Answer (b). solution2

Statement I: Latha is a beautiful and intelligent girl.

Statement II: She is very good.

Conclusion I. All beautiful girls are intelligent.

Conclusion II. Beauty and intelligence are the essential factors of goodness.

Answer (d)

Statement I: All writers are lawyers.

Statement II: All readers are lawyers.

Conclusion I. Some lawyers are readers.

Conclusion II. Some readers are writers.

Answer (a). "Some readers are writers" may be a possibility but cannot be concluded from the given statements. solution3

Statement I: Due to contamination of water, large number of people were admitted to hospital.

Statement II: The symptoms were of Typhoid.

Conclusion I : Contamination of water may lead to Typhoid.

Conclusion II : Typhoid is a contagious disease.

Answer (a). Contagious disease is spread from one person to another by direct contact. That typhoid is a contagious disease is not deductible from the given statements.

Statements I: 60% of the government employees went on strike.

Statement II: Mr. Gopal is a government employee.

Conclusions I: Mr. Gopal went on strike.

Conclusion II: Mr. Gopal did not participate in the strike.

Answer (d). Since Mr. Gopal is a government employee, he either participated or did not participate in the strike.

Statement I: Temple is a place of worship.

Statement II: Church is also a place of worship.

Conclusion I: Temple is a place of worship for Hindus.

Conclusion II: All churches are temples.

Answer (a). Neither of the two conclusions can be derived from the statements.

Statement :The human organism grows and develops through stimulation and action.

Conclusion I: Inert human organism cannot grow and develop.

Conclusion II: Human organisms do not react to stimulation and action.

Answer (c).

Statement I : Some towers are windows.

Statement II : All windows are houses.

Statement III : Some houses are temples.

Conclusion I : Some towers are temples.

Conclusion II : Some houses are towers.

Answer (b). The first conclusion of towers being temples is only a possibility but cannot be concluded from the given statements.solution9

Statement I: Man can find ultimate reality by dedication to God through meditation.

Statement II: Meditation is the process to enrich the peace of mind.

Conclusion I: Meditation is the process to realize the God.

Conclusion II: Meditation does not help to find out the Mukti of Soul.

Conclusion III: Perfect dedication to God is essential to realize the existence of ultimate reality.

Answer (c).

Statement I: All apples are bananas.

Statement II: All bananas are sweet.

Conclusion I: All apples are sweet.

Conclusion II: Some bananas are apples.

Answer (d). solution11

Statement I: All metals are silver.

Statement II: All silver are diamond.

Statement III: Some diamonds are gold.

Statement IV: Some gold are marbles.

Conclusion I: Some gold are metals.

Conclusion II: All metals are diamond.

Conclusion III: Some silver are marble.

Conclusion IV: Some gold are silver.

Answer (b). solution12

Statement I: All carrots are vegetables.

Statement II: All tomatoes are fruits.

Statement III: Some carrots are tomotoes.

Conclusion I: Some vegetables are carrots.

Conclusion II: Some tomatoes are vegetables.

Conclusion III: Some carrots are fruits.

Conclusion II: Some fruits are vegetables.

Answer (d). solution13

Statement I: Some years are decades.

Statement II: All centuries are decades.

Conclusion I: Some centuries are years.

Conclusion II: Some decades are years.

Conclusion III: No century is a year.

Answer (c). Some centuries are years cannot be concluded as indicated by probable diagram I and no century is a year cannot be concluded as seen in probable diagram II. solution14

Statement I: All bald men are rich.

Statement II: All bearded men are saints.

Statement III: Some saints are rich.

Conclusion I: No bald man is a saint.

Conclusion II: No bearded man is rich.

Conclusion III: Some bald men are saints.

Answer (c). As can be seen from the two probable diagrams, either no bald man is a saint or some bald men are saints. solution15