Chemical Processes

ElectrolysisIt is a process in which electric current is passed through a substance to effect a chemical change.Electroplating, Production of pure form of some metals
SaponificationIt is a process of converting fat into soap by treating it with an alkali.Manufacture of soaps
FermentationIt is a metabolic process in which sugar or carbohydrate is converted to acid, gas or alcohol.Making of wine, liqour, curd etc.
VulcanisationIt is a process in which natural rubber is treated with sulphur to make it more durable and elastic.Manufacture of tyres
EmulsificationIt is a process in which large fat globules are broken down into tiny droplets. The tiny droplets are uniformly distributed in an immiscible liquid to form emulsion.Emulsions are used in paints, cosmetics, medicines etc.
SublimationIt is the transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through the intermediate liquid phase.Used in frost-free refrigerators
PasteurisationIt is a heat treatment process to kill bacteria in liquid food or beverages.Preservation of milk
CarbonationIt is a process of mixing carbondioxide in liquids under high pressure.Making of soft drinks
DistillationIt is a process of separating the component substances from a liquid mixture by selective evaporation and condensation.Separation of gasoline etc. from crude petroleum.