Inorganic acids are a type of acid that do not contain carbon-hydrogen bonds in their molecular structure. They are usually derived from inorganic compounds such as minerals and non-living sources. Inorganic acids can be strong or weak, depending on their dissociation or ionization in water.
These acids are commonly used in industrial processes such as metal cleaning, fertilizer production, and battery manufacturing, as well as in laboratory experiments and chemical analysis. Inorganic acids are typically highly corrosive and reactive, and they can cause burns and other health hazards if not handled properly.
The strongest known acid is fluoroantimonic acid. Fluoroantimonic acid is a mixture of hydrofluoric acid and antimony pentafluoride.
|Common Use||Also remember|
|Pickling of steel||Gastric acid secreted by stomach mainly contains HCl.|
|Production of fertilisers||Nitric acid is produced by electric discharge in the atmosphere such as lightning. Known as Aqua Fortis in ancient times.|
|As an electrolyte in lead-acid batteries.||Known as Oil of Vitriol in ancient times.|
|Used in beverages like colas to give a tangy taste.||-|
|Etching (writing or marking) of glass||Stored in plastic containers.|
|Making of soft drinks and other bubbly drinks||CO2 in air combines with water in the ocean to form carbonic acid. Ocean acidification thus caused is of grave environmental concern.|
|1. Antiseptic 2. Eye wash 3. Socks and shoes to prevent athlete's foot||-|