Important Indian Personalities

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Annie Besant

  • She was an Irish lady who came to India to attend the Annual Convention of the Theosophical Society at Adyar in Madras in 1893.
  • She became the President of Indian National Congress in 1917.
  • She is well known for her Home Rule movement.
  • She also established the Central Hindu College in 1898, which later formed the nucleus of the Benares Hindu University.

Rabindranath Tagore

  • Poet, playwright, novelist, short story writer, musician, artist, actor, director philosopher was born on May 7, 1861.
  • Won the Nobel prize for literature in 1913 for his collection of verses Geetanjali.
  • He was awarded the knighthood in 1915 but returned it in 1919 as a protest against the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

  • A true Gandhian, he was arrested for participating in the Dandi march in 1930.
  • He was one of the moving spirits behind the Nagpur Flag Satyagraha.
  • He is well known for his Bhoodan and Sarvodaya Movement.

Aurobindo Ghosh

  • Born on August 15, 1872 in Kolkata he embarked himself in the freedom movement from 1902 – 1910.
  • He later took refuge in Pondicherry devoting his life to the development of unique philosophy.
  • He was a poet, philosopher and a politician.
  • His most famous work is ‘Life Divine’.
  • He passed away on December 5, 1950.

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

  • He was the pioneer of Muslim education in India.
  • His efforts ensured the laying of the foundation stone of Mohammaden Anglo Oriental College by Lord Lytton on Jan 8, 1877 at Aligarh.
  • The college became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920.

Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherji

  • He was the founder of the Bhartiya Jan Sangh in October 1951.
  • He represented North Calcutta in the first Lok Sabha.
  • As the leader of opposition he earned the title ‘Lion of Parliament’.
  • Earlier when he was in the cabinet of Nehru he quit in protest over according special status to Jammu & Kashmir.

Mother Teresa

  • Her original name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhin.
  • She was born on 26 Aug 1910 in Skopje, then in Albania, now the capital of Macedonia.
  • She founded the Missionaries of Charity and Nirmal Hriday a home for the dying destitutes.
  • Won Padma Shri in 1961, Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and the Bharat Ratna in 1980.

Jai Prakash Narayan

  • He joined the Civil disobedience movement of 1930s.
  • He organized the All India Congress Socialist Party along with Acharya Narendra Dev.
  • On 26 Jun 1975 he launched Bhrashtachar Mitao Andolan, a movement against corruption which brought down the Congress government in 1977.