Important Places during India's Freedom Struggle - II

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9. Stuttgart

Located in Germany, the place is well-known in India's Freedom Struggle for unfurling of the National Flag by Madame Bhikaji Cama. The ocassion was the meeting of International Socialist Congress on August 22, 1907. The flag was known as Saptarishi Flag. This flag had green at the top, saffron in the centre and red at the bottom. The flag had eight lotuses in a line on the green band and the words Vande Mataram, in the Devanagari script, were inscribed on the central band.

10. Kheda

Kheda is a district in Gujarat. It is known for Kheda Satyagraha of 1918 which Gandhiji launched to help the cultivators of the district who were going through a year of near famine. The farmers were asking for waiver of revenue collection for the year as the production had been very low. The Government however refused to accept the demand and hence Gandhiji advised the farmers to launch Satyagraha. In the end the Government relented by suspending tax collection for the year.

11. Vedaranyam

Vedaranyam in Nagipattinam district of Tamilnadu is known in the history of India's independence for being the place at which Chakravarty Rajagopalachari accomplished the Salt Satyagraha on 30 April 1930, the same month and year in which Gandhiji broke the salt laws at Dandi, Gujarat.

12. Moirang

Located in Manipur, the place was in news during freedom struggle when the Indian National Army took over the place from British with Japanese support. Colonel Shaukat Malik of the Azad Hind Fauz hoisted the Indian Tricolour on 14 April 1944.

13. Lahore

The Lahore Session of Indian National Congress holds special significance in the history of India's Freedom Struggle. Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the Indian National Flag on the midnight of Dec 31, 1929. A pledge was taken by all those present that January 26 would be celebrated as Independence Day every year. A resolution demanding Poorna Swaraj meaning complete independence from the British was passed. Lahore was also the place where freedom fighter Jatin Das fasted to death in jail demanding better conditions for prisoners. It was also in Lahore's Kot Lakhpat Jail that Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged by the British on 23 March 1931.

14. Pune

Gandhi was imprisoned at Yerawada Jail in Pune. The famous Poona Pact was signed between Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi at Yerawada jail on 24 September 1932. The pact was a settlement arrived at as a result of Gandhiji's protest at Ramsay Macdonald's Communal Award.
Again, in 1942, when Gandhiji launched the Quit India Movement, he was arrested and imprisoned at Aga Khan Palace in Pune. It was at this place that his wife, Kasturba Gandhi breathed her last.

15. Bombay

The famous Quit India Movement also known as August Kranti was launched from this city in 1942. At the historic Bombay session of Indian National Congress which began on the 7th August 1942 at Gowalia Tank Maidan, Mahatma Gandhi gave a call of Quit India and also called upon Indians to do or die. All the leaders Gandhi, Nehru, Sardar Patel and Maulana Azad were immediately arrested and on 09 August 1942, in absence of prominent leaders Aruna Asaf Ali hoisted the National Flag.

16. Nagpur

Nagpur is well known for the Flag Satyagraha whose success is credited to the leadership of Sardar Patel. The Tricolour had not been allowed to be flown beside the Union Jack on the Town Hall. It was also prohibited to take the flag out in procession. The Satyagraha started on 01 May 1923. Sardar Patel ensured a steady flow of satyagrahis from different parts of the country who courted arrest and filled the Nagpur jail. Finally government relented and no more prohibitory orders were issued. All prisoners were released and they carried out a Flag March at the end of which Sardar Patel announced the closure of Flag Satyagraha.

17. Vaikom

Vaikom, a town in Kerala is famous for Vaikom Satyagraha launched against untouchability among Hindus. The satyagraha was led by T.K. Madhavan in the year 1924. The Satyagraha established the rights of lower castes to walk through the temple road in Vaikom and also paved the way for Temple Entry Act.

Select the right answer

1. Who hoisted the flag at Gowalia Tank Maidan?

2. Moirang is located in which state?

3. Vedaranyam Satyagrah was led by -

4. The resolution for Poorna Swaraj is associated with -

5. Which place is associated with Flag Satyagrah?

6. August Kranti was launched from -