Important Revolutionaries of India - II

*** इस पृष्ठ को हिंदी में पढ़े ***‌

Khudiram Bose

  1. He was one of the youngest of the revolutionaries of the Indian Independence Movement who died at the age of 18 years.
  2. He was drawn into the nationalist movement during the protest against the partition of Bengal by the British.
  3. He joined Jugantar a party of revolutionary activists.
  4. He and Praful Chaki were selected by the party to assassinate the Chief Presidency Magistrate Kingsford who was known to make brutal and blatant judgments against freedom fighters.
  5. However, they were not successful and killed the family of barrister Kennedy instead.
  6. Khudiram was arrested on the charges of bomb attack and was sentenced to death on August 11, 1908.

Surya Sen

  1. He was well-known for the Chittagong Armoury Raid in 1930.
  2. He hoisted the Indian National Flag at the Chittagong armoury and proclaimed a Provisional Revolutionary Government.
  3. He was arrested and hanged by the British in 02 Jan 1934.

Lala Hardayal

  1. Most well-known for forming the Ghadar Party in America in 1913.
  2. The Ghadar Party is well-known for the Ghadar Conspiracy under which Indian soldiers were to be instigated to start rebellion against the British during World War I. The plan was however foiled by the British.
  3. He had spurned a career in ICS to joing the freedom movement.
  4. He was associated with Madame Bhikaji Cama and Veer Savarkar.

Madam Bhikaji Cama

  1. Well known for unfurling the first Indian National Flag in the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart (Germany) in 1907.
  2. After Stuttgart, Madame Cama went to the United States and was known as "Mother India's first cultural representative to the United States".
  3. She published revolutionary magazines Vande Mataram and Madan's Talwar which were banned by the British.
  4. She urged people to "March forward! We are for India. India is for Indians!"
  5. She also co-founded the Paris Indian Society in Paris in 1905.
  6. She also served as a private secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji.

Madan Lal Dhingra

  1. Well-known for the assassination of Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie in London on 01 Jul 1909.
  2. He was a keen follower of Vinayak Savarkar.
  3. He was tried and hanged in London on 17 August 1909.

Udham Singh

  1. Well-known for the assassination of Michael O'Dwyer in March 1940 to avenge the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.
  2. Udham Singh changed his name to Ram Mohammad Singh Azad, symbolising the unity of three religions in India.
  3. Udham Singh was an active member of the Ghadar Party in America.
  4. He was hanged in Pentonville Prison, London on 31 July 1940.

Rash Behari Bose

  1. Well-known for the assassination bid on the life of Lord Hardinge in Delhi in 1912.
  2. He formed the Indian National Army with the help of Captain Mohan Singh and Sardar Pritam Singh on September 1, 1942.
  3. Rash Behari was an active member of the Ghadar Conspiracy in America.

Jatin Das

  1. Jatindranath Das is well-known for his fast unto death which lasted for 63 days.
  2. His fast was a protest against deplorable condition of the prisoners and under-trials. He died on 13 Sep 1929.
  3. He was a member of Anushilan Samiti, a revolutionary outfit in Bengal.
  4. He had agreed to make bombs for Bhagat Singh and was arrested for revolutionary activities in 1929.

Select the right answer

1. Who of the following was involved in the assassination of Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie?

2. Who of the following died by fasting unto death in jail?

3. Who of the following formed the Ghadar Party?

4. Rash Bihari Bose was involved in the assassination bid on the life of -

5. In which year did Madame Bhikaji Cama hoist the Indian National Flag at Stuttgart?

6. Who was associated with the Chittagong Armoury Raid in 1930?

7. Who of the following assassinated Michael O'Dwyer?